The history of photography began with the image of a pigeon’s nest. The first known photograph in the world was taken by a retired military officer, Joseph Nicephore Niepce, on a summer day in 1827. He named the photograph he took as HALIOGRAPH, which means drawing of the sun. The world’s first known photograph taken in 1827 by Joseph Nicepore Niepce, who succeeded in obtaining permanent images on a photosensitive plate in 1813, shows a pigeon nest on the roof of a hut.

750 years before Niepce, the famous Islamic optician who worked in pursuit of the magic of the image is Al-Hasan of Basra. The famous Islamic optician who lived between AD 965-1030, Al-Hasan from Basra was the first person to use the Black Box, the first camera. Al-Hasan of Basra used the Dark Box to study the sun’s rays during the medieval solar eclipse.

The Western Dark Box was recognized by Roger Bacon as a result of a detailed description of the Dark Box, which he learned from Arabic manuscripts in the 13th century.
1460-1472 Leon Battista Alberti and Leonardo da Vinci also succeeded in reflecting the images of objects by making use of the Dark Box.
1553 Giovanni Battista Della Porta Magiea Naturalis Libri IV described the Dark Box in detail.


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