A hydrogen bomb or fusion bomb, also known as a thermonuclear weapon, is a destructive nuclear weapon capable of delivering uncontrolled thermonuclear energy.
The explosive power of the hydrogen bomb in high dimensions arises from the thermonuclear reaction in which hydrogen atoms combine to form helium atoms. In other words, the explosion of the hydrogen bomb is a nuclear fusion or fusion (fusion). Whereas, that of the atomic bomb is a nuclear fission (fission).
How is the hydrogen bomb different from the atomic bomb?
Unlike the atomic bomb, it is based on fusion reaction, not fission. The ignition required to initiate the fusion reaction is provided by detonating a small atomic bomb. However, since the reaction is in such a short time, only a part of the total substance is fused as the bomb material evaporates. If the fused material is enclosed in a uranium sheath, this provides two benefits:
The fact that uranium is a heavy metal and its vaporization temperature is very high allows thermonuclear energy to last longer. Since the neutrons formed from the fusion will cause the fission of uranium, the energy that will be released from the explosion will increase even more. Hydrogen bombs that need small atomic bombs are called clean bombs, and those that need large atomic bombs are called dirty bombs. The heat required for thermonuclear reactions is thought to be provided by chemical explosives. In this case, there will be no need for the atomic bomb, which acts as a shutter, and its radioactivity will be eliminated.
Is The Hydrogen Bomb Radioactive?
None of the thermonuclear products are radioactive. Only tritium shows a weak radioactivity. So the hydrogen bomb has no radioactive effect, but the effect from the atomic bomb used to ignite this bomb. Hydrogen bombs, which use very small shutter atomic bombs, have little effect.
History Of The Hydrogen Bomb
The United States developed the hydrogen bomb in 1952, a weapon far more effective and destructive than the atomic bomb. The first hydrogen bomb was dropped on the Marshall Islands in the Pacific in 1954, and was tested by the United States. The bomb dropped is about 1,000 times more powerful than the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
On October 30, 1961, at 8:30 am Greenwich, the Soviets tested a 57 megaton hydrogen bomb, nicknamed the Tsar Bomba (Tsar bomb), in Novaya Zemlya. This bomb is about 3,800 times more powerful than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. The fireball he created could be observed from 965 km (599,624 miles) away.